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The history of Chinas blue and gray tile development

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The history of Chinas blue and gray tile development

Date of release:2018-12-20 Author: Click:

Red brick corner

      The blue-grey tile is 20 cm long, 15 cm wide, and 1 cm thick. The tiles used from the south to the north are all the same. When a small tile is used on the south side of the silicone waterproofing agent, a flat wooden strip is used as a rafter on the roof, and the tile is placed in the empty space of the rafter, and then the small tile is used to lift and fold it together without plaster. In the northern tile roof, small tiles are laid on the back of the mud. The tile is fired cylindrically in the north, with a short diameter. It is fastened to the joints of the roof tile to prevent rain, and then the gap is painted with plaster, which is very fastened.

Until now, everyone still cannot do without bricks and tiles in the construction of houses, and the skills of bricks and tiles are getting more and more advanced. Ancient bricks and tiles are also a hot spot today. I wonder if everyone knows the history of the development of blue and gray tiles in China? We together look!


During the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046 ~ 771 BC), tiles were created and used in the early stage. Remains were found in the early sites of the Western Zhou Dynasty in Fengchu Village, Qishan, Shaanxi, and the number was small. By the middle and late Western Zhou Dynasty, the number of tiles found in the Fufengzhaochen site in Shaanxi was relatively large. Some roofs were fully paved, and the quality of the tiles was also trekking. It is worth noting that the pottery construction accessories of Wadang are actually the same as the pictures of bronze rituals that mark the right to control. What does this clarify? Known from archeological discoveries, slab tiles, tube tiles, and ridge tiles were created in the sites of the Western Zhou Dynasty. The creation of the tiles dealt with the difficulty of waterproofing the roof, which is a major advance in construction. The warring states of Yan, unearthed in Yixian County, Hebei, are all marked with large tiles, indicating that the level of tile making beforehand has reached a considerable level. These early Watangs were only used for high-standard palace construction, that is, as long as the controlling class had the right to use it, ordinary people had no way of knowing it. In this sense, Watang was also a right in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Sign. And the meaning of the heavy ring pattern, which is composed of a few simple lines, is even more mysterious and weird.

In the Qin and Han dynasties, an independent ceramic industry was formed, and many improvements were made in skills, such as the use of tile tenons to make the connection between tiles more consistent, replacing tile nails and tile noses. In the Western Han Dynasty, a significant trek was obtained in terms of skills. The cylindrical tile with a circular tile was simplified from three processes into one process, and the quality of the tile also made a large trek. Qin Wadang's firing skills are more sophisticated, with higher temperature and firm texture. As long as you think about the thousands of soldiers and horses of the Qin terracotta warriors and horses, you can understand the mastery of the pottery skills of the Qin Dynasty. In the Qin Dynasty, the tile pattern was decorated with pictures and pictures. The pictures were mainly deer, leopard, fish, and bird. The picture category is mainly various kinds of moire. During the burning of many tiles, they also created an oversized "king of tiles", which is also worthy of the national authority of the Qin Empire, which I only have the respect for.

Throughout the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, the artistry of Watan is far less than that of the Qin and Han dynasties. However, during this period, the manufacturing skills of Watan were appropriate and experienced. Rain, Tuolai asked Qin and Han a piece of paper. "We know that the Qin brick Hanwa civilization is different from other civilizations. Its biggest feature is that it can be expressed and communicated through rubbings and can be recreated. The tiles are mostly embossed. The golden stone taste of the topsheet is the strength of the back of the paper and the thick sense of bricks and tiles. From plane to three-dimensional, and from three-dimensional to plane, this alternative creation is thought-provoking. Formed a way for Chinese antiquated art to be accepted by the world.

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